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Date and Time Functions in SQL Server


In the world of databases, managing date and time is a crucial aspect. SQL Server provides a robust set of date and time functions that allow you to manipulate and extract valuable information from date and time data. In this article, we will explore the various Date and time functions in SQL Server, focusing on their usage, syntax, and examples.

Date and Time Functions in SQL Server
Date Functions in SQL

Understanding Date and Time Functions in SQL Server:

Date and time functions in SQL Server are powerful tools that help you perform calculations, formatting, and manipulation on date and time data. Let’s dive into some commonly used date and time functions:


The GETDATE() function retrieves the current system date and time. It returns a datetime value, which can be used for various purposes like capturing the current timestamp when inserting records into a table.

SELECT GETDATE() AS CurrentDateTime;


The DATEPART() function allows you to extract specific parts of a date or time, such as the year, month, day, hour, minute, or second.


DATEPART(datepart, date)


SELECT DATEPART(YEAR, '2023-05-16') AS Year;


The DATEADD() function enables you to add or subtract a specified time interval (day, month, year, etc.) to a given date or time.


DATEADD(datepart, number, date)


SELECT DATEADD(MONTH, 3, '2023-05-16') AS NewDate;


The DATEDIFF() function calculates the difference between two dates or times, returning the result in a specified unit (days, months, years, etc.).


DATEDIFF(datepart, startdate, enddate)


SELECT DATEDIFF(DAY, '2023-05-16', '2023-06-01') AS DaysDifference;


The FORMAT() function allows you to format a date or time value based on a specific format pattern.


FORMAT (date, format)


SELECT FORMAT('2023-05-16', 'dd/MM/yyyy') AS FormattedDate;


In this article, we explored the powerful date and time functions available in SQL Server. Understanding and utilizing these functions will greatly enhance your ability to work with date and time data effectively. Remember to leverage functions like GETDATE(), DATEPART(), DATEADD(), DATEDIFF(), and FORMAT() to simplify complex calculations and make your queries more insightful.

By mastering date and time functions in SQL Server, you will have the tools to manipulate and extract valuable information from date and time data with ease, ultimately enhancing your database management and analysis skills.

Remember to keep practicing and experimenting with these functions to become more proficient in SQL Server’s date and time capabilities. Happy coding!

Date Time functions in SQL from Microsoft Official is here.

Other Functions in SQL are visit here.

About Santosh Kumar Gadagamma

I'm Santosh Gadagamma, an Experienced Software Engineer passionate about sharing knowledge in technologies like Java, C/C++, DBMS/RDBMS, Bootstrap, Big Data, Javascript, Android, Spring, Hibernate, Struts, and all levels of software design, development, deployment, and maintenance. I believe computers are essential for the world's functioning, and I'm committed to helping others learn the skills they need to succeed in tech. My website is a valuable learning tool to help you reach greater heights in your education and career, and I believe that education has no end points.

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